Sanctions Profile: Zimbabwe

At a glance

EU sanctions on Zimbabwe were first imposed in 2002, by Common Position 2002/145/CFSP, in relation to the escalation of violence and intimidation of political opponents and the harassment of the independent press. The sanctions comprised an arms embargo, as well as an asset freeze and travel ban on targeted people and entities. The current EU sanctions regime on Zimbabwe is imposed pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 314/2004 (as amended) and Council Decision 2011/101/CFSP (as amended), and likewise consists of an arms embargo and targeted asset freezes and travel bans.

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The EU has gradually lifted its sanctions against Zimbabwe, in particular in February 2016 when 78 people and 8 entities, against whom sanctions had previously been suspended, were de-listed. There are no UN sanctions on Zimbabwe.

There are currently 7 listed people and 1 listed entity subject to EU sanctions on Zimbabwe. Of the 7 people, 5 are listed for being members of Zimbabwe’s security apparatus and sanctions against them are currently suspended. The only persons subject at present to active EU sanctions on Zimbabwe are Robert Mugabe, Grace Mugabe, and Zimbabwe Defence Industries. The sanctions impose an asset freeze on all 3, and also a travel ban on Former President Robert and Grace Mugabe.

Summary of EU Sanctions:

General

  • Arms embargo

Targeted

Targeted sanctions are currently suspended for all but 2 people (Robert Mugabe & Grace Mugabe) and 1 entity (Zimbabwe Defence Industries)

  • Asset freeze
  • Travel ban

Designation Criteria

  1. Members of the Government of Zimbabwe and those associated with them; or
  2. People and entities whose activities seriously undermine democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law in Zimbabwe.

 

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News

US continues Zimbabwe sanctions for 1 year

The US has decided to continue for 1 year its sanctions with respect to Zimbabwe by extending the national emergency as declared in Executive Order (EO) 13288. As a result, the individuals listed under EO 13288 (as amended by EO 13391 and EO 13469) will continue to be subject to asset freezes beyond 6 March […]

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EU renews Zimbabwe sanctions until 20 Feb. 2019

The EU has extended its sanctions on Zimbabwe until 20 February 2019, see Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/224. This decision to keep sanctions in place was taken so that the situation in Zimbabwe (given the change in leadership in December 2017) could become clearer. As a result, EU travel restrictions and asset freezes will continue to […]

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EU to continue sanctions on Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe

The EU has announced that it is considering maintaining sanctions against Zimbabwe’s former President, Robert Gabriel Mugabe, on the basis of a new statement of reasons. The EU Notice explains (inter alia) that he may submit a request to the EU Council to obtain the intended statement of reasons for his designation by 29 January 2018. […]

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Zimbabwe’s new President and US / EU sanctions

After the 37-year rule of Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe has sworn in Emmerson Mnangagwa as its new President. He is still subject to US sanctions for “undermining democratic processes or institutions in Zimbabwe” (SDN entry here, and OFAC Notice here). EU sanctions on Mr Mnangagwa (imposed on him for being a member of the Zimbabwean government) […]

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USA – Zimbabwe de-listing & CAR designations

Zimbabwe OFAC has removed Zimbabwe’s former Minister of Water Resources Munacho Mutezo from its SDN List. Mr Mutezo’s removal follows his expulsion from the ZANU-PF party for supporting Joice Mujuru, former Vice-President who was expelled following accusations that he tried to depose President Mugabe. The circumstances of Mr Mutezo’s de-listing are similar those of Sylvester […]

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Current Sanctions

EU UK

Consolidated

Council Regulation (EC) No 314/2004

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 314/2004

Amended by:

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/2004

Commission Regulation (EC) No 898/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1272/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1367/2005

Council Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006

Commission Regulation (EC) No 236/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 412/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 777/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 702/2008

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1226/2008

Commission Regulation (EC) No 77/2009

Commission Regulation (EU) No 173/2010

Commission Regulation (EU) No 174/2011

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 151/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 145/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 915/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 153/2014

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/275

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/612

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/1919

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1921

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/214

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/218

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/284

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/223

Consolidated

Council Decision 2011/101/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2011/101/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Decision 2012/97/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2012/124

Council Decision 2013/89/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/160/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2013/469/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/98/CFSP

Council Decision 2015/277/CFSP

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/1924

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/220

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/288

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/224

Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018

Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 (Commencement No 1) Regulations 2018

Sanctions Review Procedure (EU Exit) Regulations 2018