By Maya Lester KC & Michael O’Kane

Sanctions Profile: Zimbabwe

At a glance

EU sanctions on Zimbabwe were first imposed in 2002, by Common Position 2002/145/CFSP, in relation to the escalation of violence and intimidation of political opponents and the harassment of the independent press. The sanctions comprised an arms embargo, as well as an asset freeze and travel ban on targeted people and entities. The current EU sanctions regime on Zimbabwe is imposed pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 314/2004 (as amended) and Council Decision 2011/101/CFSP (as amended), and likewise consists of an arms embargo and targeted asset freezes and travel bans.

The UK adopted The Zimbabwe (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 in January 2021. They aim to encourage the Government of Zimbabwe, and any person or entity who may be involved in human rights abuses to: (i) respect democratic principles and institutions and the rule of law; (ii) refrain from actions, policies or activities which repress civil society in Zimbabwe; and (iii) comply with international human rights law and respect human rights.

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News

US adds 1 & de-lists 11 from Zimbabwe sanctions

On Thursday (15 September 2022), Stephen Mutamba, the Zimbabwe Republic Police’s Deputy Commissioner for Administration, was added to the US’ Zimbabwe sanctions list (Executive Order 13469) for his alleged role in undermining Zimbabwe’s democratic processes and institutions. Mr Mutamba is said to have organised actions that threaten and undermine legitimate political parties and others who oppose the policies of the …

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UK amendeds 79 entries on the consolidated list

On Friday, 18 March 2022, the FCDO updated the UK Sanctions List on GOV.UK. Amendments have been made to entries under the following financial sanctions regimes: Belarus; Chemical Weapons; Cyber; Russia and Zimbabwe. The following entries in the Russia financial sanctions regime have been corrected and are still subject to an asset freeze: Mikhail Maratovic FRIDMAN (Group ID: 14615) Petr Olegovich AVEN …

Chemical WeaponsChemical Weapons Cyber-AttacksCyber-Attacks RussiaRussia ZimbabweZimbabwe

Recent listings & de-listings

Recent designations and removals from UN, US, UK and EU non-Russia sanctions lists are summarised below. UN Al-Shabaab spokesperson Ali Mohamed Rage was added to the UN’s Somalia sanctions list. Press Release. The UK (Notice), Switzerland (Notice) and the EU (Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2022/341 & Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/340) have also designated Mr Rage. 7 people have been …

SomaliaSomalia IraqIraq TerrorismTerrorism Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo IranIran ZimbabweZimbabwe SyriaSyria UkraineUkraine

US renews 4 sanctions regimes for 1 year

In March 2021, the US renewed its sanctions regimes in respect of Zimbabwe, South Sudan, Iran and malicious cyber activities. Those sanctions have been renewed for 1 year by continuing the national emergencies declared in the Executive Orders that introduced and amended the respective regimes.

IranIran ZimbabweZimbabwe Cyber-AttacksCyber-Attacks

EU renews Zimbabwe sanctions for 1 year

The EU has renewed its sanctions concerning Zimbabwe (an arms embargo and a targeted asset freeze against Zimbabwe Defence Industries) for 1 year until 20 February 2022 in light of the “continued deterioration of the humanitarian, economic and social situation” in Zimbabwe, and “the continuing need to investigate the role of security force actors in human rights abuses”. See Declaration. …

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Current Sanctions

EU UK

Consolidated

Council Regulation (EC) No 314/2004

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 314/2004

Amended by:

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/2004

Commission Regulation (EC) No 898/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1272/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1367/2005

Council Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006

Commission Regulation (EC) No 236/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 412/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 777/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 702/2008

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1226/2008

Commission Regulation (EC) No 77/2009

Commission Regulation (EU) No 173/2010

Commission Regulation (EU) No 174/2011

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 151/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 145/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 915/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 153/2014

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/275

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/612

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/1919

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1921

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/214

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/218

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/284

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/223

Council Regulation (EU) 2019/278

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/219

Council Regulation (EU) 2020/213

Council Regulation (CFSP) 2021/251

Council Regulation (EU) 2022/225

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/226

Consolidated

Council Decision 2011/101/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2011/101/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Decision 2012/97/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2012/124

Council Decision 2013/89/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/160/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2013/469/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/98/CFSP

Council Decision 2015/277/CFSP

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/1924

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/220

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/288

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/224

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/284

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/215

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/258

Council Decision (CFSP) 2022/227

Zimbabwe (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, SI 2019/604

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