Sanctions Profile: Zimbabwe

At a glance

EU sanctions on Zimbabwe were first imposed in 2002, by Common Position 2002/145/CFSP, in relation to the escalation of violence and intimidation of political opponents and the harassment of the independent press. The sanctions comprised an arms embargo, as well as an asset freeze and travel ban on targeted people and entities. The current EU sanctions regime on Zimbabwe is imposed pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 314/2004 (as amended) and Council Decision 2011/101/CFSP (as amended), and likewise consists of an arms embargo and targeted asset freezes and travel bans.

The UK adopted The Zimbabwe (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 in January 2021. They aim to encourage the Government of Zimbabwe, and any person or entity who may be involved in human rights abuses to: (i) respect democratic principles and institutions and the rule of law; (ii) refrain from actions, policies or activities which repress civil society in Zimbabwe; and (iii) comply with international human rights law and respect human rights.

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US renews 4 sanctions regimes for 1 year

In March 2021, the US renewed its sanctions regimes in respect of Zimbabwe, South Sudan, Iran and malicious cyber activities. Those sanctions have been renewed for 1 year by continuing the national emergencies declared in the Executive Orders that introduced and amended the respective regimes.

IranIran South SudanSouth Sudan ZimbabweZimbabwe Cyber-AttacksCyber-Attacks

EU renews Zimbabwe sanctions for 1 year

The EU has renewed its sanctions concerning Zimbabwe (an arms embargo and a targeted asset freeze against Zimbabwe Defence Industries) for 1 year until 20 February 2022 in light of the “continued deterioration of the humanitarian, economic and social situation” in Zimbabwe, and “the continuing need to investigate the role of security force actors in human rights abuses”. See Declaration. …


UK designates 4 Zimbabwean officials for human rights violations

The UK government has designated (asset freeze and travel ban) 4 Zimbabwean senior security sector officials under its Zimbabwe sanctions regime, who are said to be responsible for committing serious human rights violations, and as such undermining the rule of law. The listings say that there are reasonable grounds to suspect that the officials were responsible for the deaths of …


OFAC waives penalty on Zimbabwe bank

It has been reported that OFAC has decided to waive a $385m penalty imposed on Zimbabwe’s CBZ Holdings in 2017. A cautionary letter was issued after OFAC finished a review of 15,000 transactions carried out by CBZ from 2009 to 2014 on behalf of ZB Bank, which was US-designated at the time.


OFAC designates Zimbabwean businessman & his company

OFAC has listed Zimbabwean businessman Kudakwashe Regimond Tagwirei for providing support to the leadership of the Zimbabwean government, and his company Sakunda Holdings, for being owned/controlled by Mr Tagwirei, pursuant to E.O. 13469. Tagwirei is said to have used his relationship with US-designated President Mnangagwa and other officials to gain state contracts, and access hard currency, such as US dollars, …


Current Sanctions



Council Regulation (EC) No 314/2004

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 314/2004

Amended by:

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/2004

Commission Regulation (EC) No 898/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1272/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1367/2005

Council Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006

Commission Regulation (EC) No 236/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 412/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 777/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 702/2008

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1226/2008

Commission Regulation (EC) No 77/2009

Commission Regulation (EU) No 173/2010

Commission Regulation (EU) No 174/2011

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 151/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 145/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 915/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 153/2014

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/275

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/612

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/1919

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1921

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/214

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/218

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/284

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/223

Council Regulation (EU) 2019/278

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/219

Council Regulation (EU) 2020/213

Council Regulation (CFSP) 2021/251


Council Decision 2011/101/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2011/101/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Decision 2012/97/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2012/124

Council Decision 2013/89/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/160/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2013/469/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/98/CFSP

Council Decision 2015/277/CFSP

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/1924

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/220

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/288

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/224

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/284

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/215

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/258

Zimbabwe (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, SI 2019/604