Sanctions Profile: Zimbabwe

At a glance

EU sanctions on Zimbabwe were first imposed in 2002, by Common Position 2002/145/CFSP, in relation to the escalation of violence and intimidation of political opponents and the harassment of the independent press. The sanctions comprised an arms embargo, as well as an asset freeze and travel ban on targeted people and entities. The current EU sanctions regime on Zimbabwe is imposed pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 314/2004 (as amended) and Council Decision 2011/101/CFSP (as amended), and likewise consists of an arms embargo and targeted asset freezes and travel bans.

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OFAC waives penalty on Zimbabwe bank

It has been reported that OFAC has decided to waive a $385m penalty imposed on Zimbabwe’s CBZ Holdings in 2017. A cautionary letter was issued after OFAC finished a review of 15,000 transactions carried out by CBZ from 2009 to 2014 on behalf of ZB Bank, which was US-designated at the time.


OFAC designates Zimbabwean businessman & his company

OFAC has listed Zimbabwean businessman Kudakwashe Regimond Tagwirei for providing support to the leadership of the Zimbabwean government, and his company Sakunda Holdings, for being owned/controlled by Mr Tagwirei, pursuant to E.O. 13469. Tagwirei is said to have used his relationship with US-designated President Mnangagwa and other officials to gain state contracts, and access hard currency, such as US dollars, …


US amends Zimbabwe sanctions regs to remove banks’ general licence

OFAC has amended the Zimbabwe Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 541 to remove a general licence which authorised transactions involving Agricultural Development Bank of Zimbabwe and Infrastructure Development Bank of Zimbabwe. Authorisation to engage in transactions with the banks is no longer required following their delisting in 2016. Final Rule and Notice.


Third countries align with EU Zimbabwe arms embargo & sanctions

In February 2020, the EU Council adopted Decision (CFSP) 2020/215, which renewed for 1 year its arms embargo on Zimbabwe and asset freeze against Zimbabwe Defence Industries; removed Robert Mugabe’s listing; suspended Grace Mugabe’s listing; and renewed the designations of 3 officials, which are currently suspended (see post). Press release here. The following countries have aligned themselves with this decision: …


UN Special Rapporteur for food calls for immediate sanctions relief

Hilal Elver, UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, has called for the immediate lifting of sanctions on Syria, Venezuela, Iran, Cuba and Zimbabwe, as such measures “severely undermine the ordinary citizens’ fundamental right to sufficient and adequate food” in light of the Covid-19 pandemic. The Special Rapporter issued a statement saying that countries under unilateral economic sanctions are …

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Current Sanctions



Council Regulation (EC) No 314/2004

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 314/2004

Amended by:

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/2004

Commission Regulation (EC) No 898/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1272/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1367/2005

Council Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006

Commission Regulation (EC) No 236/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 412/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 777/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 702/2008

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1226/2008

Commission Regulation (EC) No 77/2009

Commission Regulation (EU) No 173/2010

Commission Regulation (EU) No 174/2011

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 151/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 145/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 915/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 153/2014

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/275

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/612

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/1919

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1921

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/214

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/218

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/284

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/223

Council Regulation (EU) 2019/278

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/219

Council Regulation (EU) 2020/213


Council Decision 2011/101/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2011/101/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Decision 2012/97/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2012/124

Council Decision 2013/89/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/160/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2013/469/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/98/CFSP

Council Decision 2015/277/CFSP

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/1924

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/220

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/288

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/224

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/284

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/215

Zimbabwe (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, SI 2019/604