Sanctions Profile: Syria

At a glance

In 2005, by UNSC Resolution 1636, the UN Security Council imposed travel bans and asset freezes on people suspected of being involved in the 14 February 2005 terrorist bombing in Beirut, Lebanon, in which Syria was implicated by a UN report. The EU implemented those measures by adopting Council Common Position 2005/888/CFSP and Council Regulation (EC) No 305/2006. See the European Commission’s Guidance and FAQs for further details on these sanctions.

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News

EU designates 7 Syrian government ministers

The EU has added 7 newly appointed ministers to its Syria sanctions list, on the basis that, as government ministers, they “share responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violence against the civilian population”. This brings the total number of individuals subject to an EU-wide asset freeze and travel ban for their actions in Syria to 280. See Council Implementing Regulation (EU) …

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ECJ dismisses 8 Syria sanctions appeals

The European Court of Justice has rejected appeals brought by 6 Syrian entities, Razan Othman (Rami Makhlouf’s wife), and Eham Makhlouf (vice-president of one of the listed entities) challenging the General Court’s decision to uphold their 2016-2018 listings. The appeal judgments are: Souruh SA (C-350/19 P), Almashreq Investment Fund (C-349/19 P), Drex Technologies (C-348/19 P), Cham Holdings (C-261/19 P), Bena …

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US renews sanctions regime targeting Turkish Syria military operations

In October 2019, the US issued Executive Order 13894, which declared a national emergency in respect of the situation in Syria, and in particular Turkey’s military offensive in North East Syria. It authorised sanctions to be imposed on the basis that the operations undermined the US campaign to defeat ISIS, endangered civilians, threatened to undermine the peace, security, and stability …

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EU court upholds re-listing of Mr Kaddour on Syria list

The EU General Court has upheld the 2018 listing of Khaled Kaddour (for whom Maya Lester QC acted) – T-510/18 (23 September 2020). For case history, see previous post, post and post. The Court said the Council was entitled to conclude that Mr Kaddour was a “prominent businessman” operating in Syria, and had not submitted enough evidence to show that …

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US adds 17 to Syria sanctions list

6 Syrian nationals and 11 entities have been added to the US Syria sanctions list. OFAC has listed Khodr Taher Bin Ali, a Syrian businessman and intermediary for the US-designated Fourth Division of the Syrian Arab Army (see post) pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13582  (targeting those providing support to the Government of Syria). 11 companies owned or controlled by …

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Current Sanctions

EU UK

Consolidated Regulation

Council Regulation (EU) No 36/2012

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EU) No 36/2012

Amended by:

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 55/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 168/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 266/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 410/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 509/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2012/544/CFSP

Council Regulation (EU) No 545/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 673/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 742/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 867/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 944/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1117/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 325/2013

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 363/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 697/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 1332/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 124/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 578/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 693/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 793/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1013/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1105/2014

Council Regulation (EU) No 1323/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/108

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/375

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/780

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/827

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/828

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/961

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/1828

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/2350

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/840

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1735

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1893

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1984

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1996

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/2137

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/480

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/907

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1241

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1327

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1751

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/282

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/420

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/774

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/85

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/350

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/798

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/211

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/718

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1505

Consolidated

Council Decision 2013/255/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2013/255/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Decision 2013/760/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/74/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/309/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/387/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/488/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/678/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/730/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/901/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/117

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/383

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/784

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/837

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/973

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/1836

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/2359

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/850

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2016/1746

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2016/1897

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2016/1985

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2016/2000

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/2144

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/485

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/917

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/1245

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/1341

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/284

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/421

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/778

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2019/87

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2019/351

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/806

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/212

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/719

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/1506

The Syria (European Union Financial Sanctions) (Amendment No. 2) Regulations 2012

The Export Control (Syria Sanctions) Order 2013

The Syria (European Union Financial Sanctions) (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (SI 2013/877)

The Syria (European Union Financial Sanctions) Regulations 2012 (SI 2012/129)