In 2005, by UNSC Resolution 1636, the UN Security Council imposed travel bans and asset freezes on people suspected of being involved in the 14 February 2005 terrorist bombing in Beirut, Lebanon, in which Syria was implicated by a UN report. The EU implemented those measures by adopting Council Common Position 2005/888/CFSP and Council Regulation (EC) No 305/2006. See the Lebanon country profile for further details on these sanctions.Show full details
In 2011, the EU established an autonomous sanctions regime against Syria, by Council Decision 2011/273/CFSP and Council Regulation (EU) 442/2011, in response to the Syrian government’s violent repression of civilians. Those sanctions are currently imposed by Council Decision 2013/255/CFSP (as amended) and Council Regulation (EU) No 36/2012 (as amended). They include an arms embargo, several trade and financing restrictions, as well as targeted asset freezes and travel bans.
Summary of Current EU Sanctions:
People and entities the EU Council determines to be responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population in Syria or benefitting from or supporting the regime, and those associated with them. In addition:
People and entities who fall into one of the above categories shall not be designated if they are not, or are no longer, associated with the Syrian regime or do not exercise influence over it, or do not pose a real risk of circumvention.
The EU General Court has annulled the 2017-2019 Syria sanctions listings of Wael Abdulkarim and Alkarim for Trade and Industry LLC (Alkarim) – see T-559/17 and T-667/17 (31 January 2019). Mr Abdulkarim was listed for being an influential businessman operating in Syria, for representing Alkarim. Alkarim was listed for being an internationally recognised Syrian conglomerate […]
In March 2017, the EU General Court annulled George Haswani’s designation because the evidence was vague and did not substantiate the reasons given. The Court rejected as inadmissible Mr Haswani’s challenge to subsequent amended sanctions and he appealed against that finding. The ECJ has now allowed Mr Haswani’s appeal on that point – C-313/17 P […]
Today (21 January), the EU added 11 businessmen and 5 entities to its Syria sanctions list, on the basis that they “support and/or benefit from the Syrian regime” by being involved in “luxury estate development and other regime-backed projects”. They will now be subject to EU-wide asset freezes and (where appropriate) travel bans. See Council […]
The EU General Court has dismissed the annulment applications brought by Bena Properties (Syria’s largest real estate investment company) and Cham Holding (Syria’s largest holding company), in respect of their 2016 – 2018 EU Syria sanctions listings. See judgments: T-412/16 and T-413/16 (16 January 2019). The entities were listed for being controlled by EU-designated Rami […]
The EU General Court has upheld the 2016-18 Syria sanctions listings of Ehab Makhlouf (cousin of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad), Razan Othman (wife of EU-sanctioned Rami Makhlouf), and Syriatel Mobile Telecom (Joint Stock Company) (Syrian mobile telephone services company). See judgments (French only): T-409/16, T-416/16 and T-411/16 (12 December 2018). Ehab Makhlouf was listed for being […]