Sanctions Profile: Syria

At a glance

In 2005, by UNSC Resolution 1636, the UN Security Council imposed travel bans and asset freezes on people suspected of being involved in the 14 February 2005 terrorist bombing in Beirut, Lebanon, in which Syria was implicated by a UN report. The EU implemented those measures by adopting Council Common Position 2005/888/CFSP and Council Regulation (EC) No 305/2006. See the European Commission’s Guidance and FAQs for further details on these sanctions.

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News

EU designates the Syrian Minister of Foreign Affairs

The EU Council has added Faisal Mekdad, the Syrian Foreign Affairs minister to its sanctions list, on the grounds that, as a government minister, he “shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression against the Syrian people”. Mr Mekdad is now subject to an asset freeze and travel ban. A total of 289 people, and 70 entities are currently designated …

SyriaSyria

UK publishes Libya sanctions regs & guidance on 11 sanctions regimes

The UK government has published The Libya (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020 (SI 2020/1665), which replace the EU sanctions regime relating to Libya. The UK has also issued guidance on the regulations, which includes information on asset freezes, partial asset freezes, interest, oil aboard UN-designated ships, and ownership and control. See explanatory memorandum, and reports under section 2(4) of the …

AfghanistanAfghanistan Central African RepublicCentral African Republic IraqIraq YemenYemen SudanSudan LibyaLibya North KoreaNorth Korea SomaliaSomalia TurkeyTurkey SyriaSyria

US adds 20 to Syria sanctions list

The US has designated 10 people, 9 entities, and the Central Bank of Syria (CBoS) under various Syria sanctions authorities to mark 5 years since the adoption of UNSC Resolution 2254 (2015), which set out a roadmap for a political resolution of the conflict in Syria. See Notice for full list. OFAC designations The press release says that the CBoS …

SyriaSyria

EU General Court dismisses 2 Syria sanctions appeals

The EU General Court has dismissed the applications of 2 Syrian businessmen, George Haswani and Maen Haikal, to annul their inclusion on the EU’s Syria sanctions list. The judgments are: Haswani T-521/19 and Haikal – T-189/19 (both 16 December 2020). See Mr Haswani’s case history: post, post and post. This is Mr Haikal’s first application to the EU courts. In …

SyriaSyria

Third countries align with EU Syria and Turkey sanctions

In November 2020, the EU Council adopted: Decision (CFSP) 2020/1651, which added 8 newly appointed ministers to the EU’s Syria sanctions regime; and Decision (CFSP) 2020/1657, which renewed the existing sanctions targeting Turkey’s unauthorised drilling activities in the Eastern Mediterranean for 1 year. North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, and Iceland have aligned themselves with both decisions, and Liechtenstein, Norway, Ukraine, …

SyriaSyria TurkeyTurkey

Current Sanctions

EU UK

Consolidated Regulation

Council Regulation (EU) No 36/2012

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EU) No 36/2012

Amended by:

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 55/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 168/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 266/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 410/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 509/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2012/544/CFSP

Council Regulation (EU) No 545/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 673/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 742/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 867/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 944/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1117/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 325/2013

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 363/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 697/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 1332/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 124/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 578/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 693/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 793/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1013/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1105/2014

Council Regulation (EU) No 1323/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/108

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/375

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/780

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/827

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/828

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/961

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/1828

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/2350

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/840

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1735

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1893

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1984

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1996

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/2137

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/480

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/907

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1241

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1327

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1751

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/282

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/420

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/774

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/85

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/350

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/798

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/211

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/718

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1505

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1649

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/29

Consolidated

Council Decision 2013/255/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2013/255/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Decision 2013/760/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/74/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/309/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/387/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/488/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/678/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/730/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/901/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/117

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/383

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/784

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/837

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/973

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/1836

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/2359

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/850

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2016/1746

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2016/1897

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2016/1985

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2016/2000

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/2144

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/485

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/917

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/1245

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/1341

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/284

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/421

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/778

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2019/87

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2019/351

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/806

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/212

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/719

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/1506

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/1651

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2021/30

The Syria (United Nations Sanctions) (Cultural Property) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020 (SI 2020/1233)

Syria (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (SI 2019/792)