Sanctions Profile: Somalia

At a glance

The UN imposed an arms embargo on Somalia in 1992, by UN Security Council Resolution 733, which the EU implemented in 2002 by Common Position 2002/960/CFSP and then Council Regulation (EC) No 147/2003. The arms embargo was introduced in response to violent conflict in the country.

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UK publishes Libya sanctions regs & guidance on 11 sanctions regimes

The UK government has published The Libya (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020 (SI 2020/1665), which replace the EU sanctions regime relating to Libya. The UK has also issued guidance on the regulations, which includes information on asset freezes, partial asset freezes, interest, oil aboard UN-designated ships, and ownership and control. See explanatory memorandum, and reports under section 2(4) of the …

AfghanistanAfghanistan Central African RepublicCentral African Republic IraqIraq YemenYemen SudanSudan LibyaLibya North KoreaNorth Korea SomaliaSomalia TurkeyTurkey SyriaSyria

UNSC renews Somalia panel of experts & arms embargo exemptions

The UN Security Council has adopted resolution 2251 (2020), which renews the mandate of the Panel of Experts on Somalia, and the partial lifting of the arms embargo until 15 December 2021. Exports of arms and the delivery of technical advice, financial assistance or training for Somali security forces are exempt from the arms embargo. However, weapons and military equipment supplied …


UN Panel of Experts publishes annual report on Somalia sanctions

The Panel of Experts appointed to the United Nations Security Council Committee concerning Somalia has published its annual report. The Panel: Recommended that the Committee ensure that the Somalia sanctions list comprehensively reflects the threat posed by Al-Shabaab and the ISIL faction in Somalia, and use all the listing criteria at their disposal; Reported that Al-Shabaab is using domestic bank …

SomaliaSomalia TerrorismTerrorism

UNSC Committee guidance on Somalia IED export controls

The UN Security Council Committee concerning Somalia has published an Implementation Assistance Notice, which provides a summary of the export controls on components which will be used, or pose a significant risk of being used, to manufacture improvised explosive devices (IEDs). The restrictions were imposed under resolution 2498 (2019), as amended, given the recent increase in IED attacks carried out …


US delists Eritrean Presidential Advisor from Somalia sanctions

The US has removed Yemane Ghebreab from its Somalia sanctions list. Mr Ghebreab is the Eritrean Head of Political Affairs for the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice party and a Presidential Advisor. He was originally listed because, in his advisory role, he was allegedly involved in planning shipments of weapons and supporting militia groups in Somalia (guidance here).


Current Sanctions



Council Regulation (EC) No 147/2003

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 147/2003

Amended by:

Council Regulation (EC) No 631/2007

Council Regulation (EU) No 1137/2010

Council Regulation (EU) No 642/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 941/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 431/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 1153/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 478/2014


Council Regulation (EU) No 356/2010

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EU) No 356/2010

Amended by:

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 956/2011

Council Regulation (EU) No 641/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 943/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 432/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 1104/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/325

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/2044

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/395

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/2415

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/413

Council Regulation (EU) 2018/1933


Council Decision 2010/231/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2010/231/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Decision 2011/635/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/388/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/633/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/201/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/659/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/270/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/729/CFSP

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/335

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/337

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/2053

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/398

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/2427

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/417

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1945

The Somalia (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020 (SI 2020/624)