By Maya Lester KC & Michael O’Kane

Sanctions Profile: Somalia

At a glance

The UN imposed an arms embargo on Somalia in 1992, by UN Security Council Resolution 733, which the EU implemented in 2002 by Common Position 2002/960/CFSP and then Council Regulation (EC) No 147/2003. The arms embargo was introduced in response to violent conflict in the country.

Subscribe for full access


UN adds entry to Somalia sanctions list

On 26 May 2023, The UN added Abdullahi Osman Mohamed Caddow to its Somalia sanctions list (notice) pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) concerning Al-Shabaab. Yesterday, the UK (notice) and Switzerland (notice) incorporated the UN update into their sanctions regimes.


US designates al-Shabaab members

On Wednesday 24 May, The US State Department, pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13224, designated 5 al-Shabaab leaders as Specially Designated Global Terrorists (press release): Maxamed Siidow, finance emir and a commander in the group’s armed wing, the Jabha; Cali Yare, finance emir who allegedly oversees a section of al-Shabaab’s illicit taxation operations; Maxamed Dauud Gabaane, finance emir, responsible for …


EU implements UN sanctions humanitarian exemption & amends Somalia sanctions regime

The European Council has implemented the humanitarian exemption to UN sanctions set out by UNSC Resolution 2664 (2022) with respect to its Somalia, CAR, Yemen, Haiti, Iraq and Lebanon (assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri) sanctions regimes. See previous post. Council Decision (CFSP) 2023/338 and Council Regulation (EU) 2023/331. Under the exemption, the making available of funds or economic …

SomaliaSomalia Central African RepublicCentral African Republic YemenYemen HaitiHaiti IraqIraq LebanonLebanon

UN Panels of Experts reports on N Korea & Somalia sanctions

The UN Panels of Experts on North Korea and Somalia published reports in September and October. Somalia As part of its Final Report, the Panel recommended that the Security Council expand the listing criteria for UN Somalia sanctions to include “planning, directing, supporting, or committing acts involving economic blockades of Somali towns”. North Korea In its Midterm Report, the Panel …

SomaliaSomalia North KoreaNorth Korea

OFAC designates ISIS-Somalia weapons trafficking network

The US yesterday listed 7 people and 1 entity linked to a weapons trafficking network that is closely integrated with the Islamic State in Somalia (ISIS-Somalia), pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13224. The trafficking network operate primarily between Yemen and Somalia and has strong ties to al-Qa’ida in the Arabian Peninsula and al-Shabaab. OFAC Press Release & Notice. Those listed: …

TerrorismTerrorism SomaliaSomalia

Current Sanctions



Council Regulation (EC) No 147/2003

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 147/2003

Amended by:

Council Regulation (EC) No 631/2007

Council Regulation (EU) No 1137/2010

Council Regulation (EU) No 642/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 941/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 431/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 1153/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 478/2014


Council Regulation (EU) No 356/2010

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EU) No 356/2010

Amended by:

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 956/2011

Council Regulation (EU) No 641/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 943/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 432/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 1104/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/325

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/2044

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/395

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/2415

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/413

Council Regulation (EU) 2018/1933

Council Regulation (EU) 2020/169

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/559

Council Regulation (EU) 2021/48

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/340


Council Decision 2010/231/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2010/231/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Decision 2011/635/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/388/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/633/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/201/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/659/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/270/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/729/CFSP

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/335

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/337

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/2053

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/398

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/2427

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/417

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1945

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/170

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/54

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2021/560

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2022/341

The Somalia (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020 (SI 2020/624)

Share this page on: