Sanctions Profile: Somalia

At a glance

The UN imposed an arms embargo on Somalia in 1992, by UN Security Council Resolution 733, which the EU implemented in 2002 by Common Position 2002/960/CFSP and then Council Regulation (EC) No 147/2003. The arms embargo was introduced in response to violent conflict in the country.

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UNSC Committee guidance on Somalia IED export controls

The UN Security Council Committee concerning Somalia has published an Implementation Assistance Notice, which provides a summary of the export controls on components which will be used, or pose a significant risk of being used, to manufacture improvised explosive devices (IEDs). The restrictions were imposed under resolution 2498 (2019), as amended, given the recent increase in IED attacks carried out …


US delists Eritrean Presidential Advisor from Somalia sanctions

The US has removed Yemane Ghebreab from its Somalia sanctions list. Mr Ghebreab is the Eritrean Head of Political Affairs for the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice party and a Presidential Advisor. He was originally listed because, in his advisory role, he was allegedly involved in planning shipments of weapons and supporting militia groups in Somalia (guidance here).


UK publishes Somalia sanctions regulations

The UK has published The Somalia (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020 (SI 2020/624) pursuant to the Sanctions and Money Laundering Act 2018. The regulations will revoke the current EU regimes and replace them with UK versions of the regulations, and will give effect to the UK’s obligations under the UN Security Council Somalia sanctions regime. The regulations will come into …


US renews Somalia sanctions for 1 year

The US has continued sanctions on Somalia for 1 year by extending the national emergency as declared in Executive Order (E.O.) 13536. The EO imposed sanctions in response to “the deterioration of the security situation and persistence of violence in Somalia, and acts of piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia”. The import ban on Somalian …


UNSC & EU renew Somalia arms embargo & restrict IED components

On 15 November 2019, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 2498 (2019), which introduced restrictions on the sale / supply / transfer of components which will be used or pose a significant risk of being used to manufacture improvised explosive devices, owing to the recent increase in IED attacks conducted by Al-Shabaab. The UNSC also reaffirmed its commitment to the …


Current Sanctions



Council Regulation (EC) No 147/2003

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 147/2003

Amended by:

Council Regulation (EC) No 631/2007

Council Regulation (EU) No 1137/2010

Council Regulation (EU) No 642/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 941/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 431/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 1153/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 478/2014


Council Regulation (EU) No 356/2010

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EU) No 356/2010

Amended by:

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 956/2011

Council Regulation (EU) No 641/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 943/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 432/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 1104/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/325

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/2044

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/395

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/2415

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/413

Council Regulation (EU) 2018/1933


Council Decision 2010/231/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2010/231/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Decision 2011/635/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/388/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/633/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/201/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/659/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/270/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/729/CFSP

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/335

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/337

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/2053

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/398

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/2427

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/417

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1945

The Somalia (Asset-Freezing) Regulations 2010