Sanctions Profile: Somalia

At a glance

The UN imposed an arms embargo on Somalia in 1992, by UN Security Council Resolution 733, which the EU implemented in 2002 by Common Position 2002/960/CFSP and then Council Regulation (EC) No 147/2003. The arms embargo was introduced in response to violent conflict in the country.

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Recent US designations

In recent weeks, the US has imposed sanctions and visa restriction measures related to various sanctions regimes and countries. These are summarised below. Somalia In response to delays in the Somali parliamentary electoral process, the US State Department imposed visa restrictions on an unspecified number of people said to be responsible for, or complicit in, undermining the democratic process in …

SomaliaSomalia Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo SudanSudan ChinaChina Chemical WeaponsChemical Weapons TerrorismTerrorism

Recent listings & de-listings

Recent designations and removals from UN, US, UK and EU non-Russia sanctions lists are summarised below. UN Al-Shabaab spokesperson Ali Mohamed Rage was added to the UN’s Somalia sanctions list. Press Release. The UK (Notice), Switzerland (Notice) and the EU (Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2022/341 & Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/340) have also designated Mr Rage. 7 people have been …

SomaliaSomalia IraqIraq TerrorismTerrorism Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo IranIran ZimbabweZimbabwe SyriaSyria UkraineUkraine

US announces visa restriction policy for Somali officials

In response to concerns about Somalia’s electoral process, the US Department of State has announced the implementation of a visa restriction policy under Section 212(a)(3)(C) of the Immigration and Nationality Act that targets current or former Somali officials (and others) said to be responsible for/complicit in undermining the democratic process in Somalia, including through violence against protestors, unjust arrests or …


OFAC issues amended Somalia Sanctions Regulations

  OFAC has published a final rule to amend and reissue the Somalia Sanctions Regulations, 31 C.F.R. part 551. The final rule replaces the abbreviated version of the regulations that was published in 2010, and includes additional interpretive and definitional guidance, general licences, and other regulatory provisions. See Notice.


UNSC adds 3 Al-Shabaab leaders to Somalia sanctions list

The UNSC sanctions committee concerning Somalia has added 3 senior members of Al-Shabaab to its sanctions list for “engaging in or providing support for acts that threaten the peace, security or stability of Somalia”, including acts that threaten the Djibouti peace agreement, or threaten the Somalian transitional government or African Union Mission by force. The listed people are: Ali Adan …


Current Sanctions



Council Regulation (EC) No 147/2003

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 147/2003

Amended by:

Council Regulation (EC) No 631/2007

Council Regulation (EU) No 1137/2010

Council Regulation (EU) No 642/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 941/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 431/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 1153/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 478/2014


Council Regulation (EU) No 356/2010

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EU) No 356/2010

Amended by:

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 956/2011

Council Regulation (EU) No 641/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 943/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 432/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 1104/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/325

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/2044

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/395

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/2415

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/413

Council Regulation (EU) 2018/1933

Council Regulation (EU) 2020/169

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/559

Council Regulation (EU) 2021/48

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/340


Council Decision 2010/231/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2010/231/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Decision 2011/635/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/388/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/633/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/201/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/659/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/270/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/729/CFSP

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/335

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/337

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/2053

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/398

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/2427

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/417

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1945

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/170

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/54

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2021/560

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2022/341

The Somalia (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020 (SI 2020/624)