Sanctions Profile: Nicaragua

At a glance

The EU adopted a new sanctions regime against Nicaragua on 15 October 2019 by Council Regulation (EU) 2019/1716 and Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/1720. The EU can therefore impose asset freezing measures and travel bans on individuals and entities determined to be responsible for human rights violations and abuses, the repression of civil society and democratic opposition, and undermining democracy and the rule of law in Nicaragua.

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US Congress passes resolution calling for further Nicaragua sanctions

US Congress has passed a resolution calling for additional sanctions to increase political and economic pressure on the Nicaraguan government in light of “recent elections marred by irregularities” including “restrictions on the participation of opposition political parties” and the absence of electoral observers, as well as “gross violations of human rights and acts of repression, resulting in more than 325 …


OFAC designates Nicaraguan police force & 3 commissioners

OFAC has listed the Nicaraguan National Police (NNP) and 3 NNP commissioners, Juan Antonio Valle Valle, Luis Alberto Perez Olivas, and Justo Pastor Urbina, for their alleged roles in serious human rights abuses in Nicaragua. NPP have been listed for their alleged use of “live ammunition against peaceful protesters, and participating in death squads, […] extrajudicial killings, disappearances, and kidnappings” …


US Nicaragua listings including President’s son

OFAC has added Rafael Antonio Ortego Murillo, the son of President Daniel Ortega to its SDN list under E.O. 13851 (asset freeze and travel ban) on the grounds that he has used his 2 companies to finance and launder money for the Ortega regime. The first company, Inversiones Zanzibar SA, is said to be a front company to procure petrol …


Third countries align with 7 EU sanctions regimes

In October, the EU adopted: Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/1663, which renewed sanctions against 3 Libyan nationals for 6 months; Council Decision CFSP 2019/1720, which established a new sanctions regime against Nicaragua in view of the recent human rights abuses in the region (see post); Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/1721, and Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/1722, which renewed for 1 year restrictive measures …

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OFAC sanctions 3 Nicaraguan government officials

OFAC has imposed asset freezes on 3 Nicaraguan government officials, who it says have played a role in directing entities engaged in human rights abuses, election fraud, and corruption.  They are Ramon Antonio Avellan Medal, Lumberto Ignacio Campbell Hooker, and Roberto Jose Lope Gomez. Ramon Medal has also been designed for human rights abuses pursuant to the Nicaragua Human Rights …


Current Sanctions


Council Regulation (EU) 2019/1716

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/1720