UN sanctions on Libya were first imposed in 2011, by UN Security Council Resolution 1970. They originally consisted of an arms embargo, along with targeted travel bans and asset freezes.Show full details
The resolution also established a Sanctions Committee to oversee and implement these measures. Since its introduction, the sanctions regime has been expanded to target illicit exports of petroleum.
These sanctions were originally established in response to what the UN described in UN Security Council Resolution 1970 as “the gross and systematic violation of human rights, including the repression of peaceful demonstrators” in the country and the Libyan government’s role in it.
EU sanctions on Libya were first imposed in 2011, by Council Regulation (EU) 204/2011 and Council Decision 2011/137/CFSP. They implemented UN sanctions, and comprised an arms embargo along with a travel ban and asset freeze on listed individuals, and later implemented the UN’s new measures targeting illicit exports of petroleum. In addition to implementing the UN sanctions, the EU is able to impose unilateral sanctions listings under the regime.
Since their introduction, UN and EU sanctions have developed to take account of the changing political situation in Libya. Following the fall of the Qadhafi regime, they were amended to take account of the threat posed by people and entities owning or controlling Libyan state funds misappropriated during that regime’s tenure and impose sanctions on those who were involved in its repressive policies or who pose an ongoing threat to the peace or stability of Libya and the completion of its political transition.
In January 2016, the EU consolidated its Libya sanctions into new measures for the sake of clarity, following the many changes made to the regime since its inception. The new measures are Council Regulation (EU) 2016/44 and Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/1333.
Summary of Current UN Sanctions:
People and entities:
Summary of Current EU Sanctions:
People and entities designated by the UN Security Council or Libya Sanctions Committee established by UN Security Council Resolution 1970.
In addition, people and entities determined by the EU as:
The EU also specifically lists the Libyan Investment Authority and the Libyan Africa Investment Portfolio in a separate annex of its sanctions measures. Both of those listings are implementations of UN listings.
The Grand Court of the Cayman Islands has held that the exercise of voting rights by the shareholders of an investment fund to change the directors of the fund was not a “use” of shares within the meaning of the UN Libya sanctions regime, nor a “circumvention” of its prohibitions. The court said the provisions […]
The ECJ has given judgment in a request for a preliminary ruling from the Hungarian courts in proceedings between two Hungarian banks concerning the payment of costs arising in connection with bank guarantees for public service construction works for the Libyan Housing and Infrastructure Board, which was designated under the EU’s Libya sanctions regime between […]
The UK has passed the Sanctions (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, SI 2019/26, which make amendments to a number of EU sanctions regimes to ensure (inter alia) that they continue to apply within the UK after Brexit. The Regulations will come into force on exit day.
Last week (16 November 2018), the UN Security Council added one individual, Salah Badi, to its Libya sanctions list. As a result, he will now be subject to a UN asset freeze and travel ban. See UN Press Release and Narrative Summary of Reasons for Listing. On 19 November 2018, the US implemented this UN […]
Russia/Ukraine: Last month, the EU adopted Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1237, which prolonged for 6 months its sanctions on Russia over “actions undermining or threatening the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine” (see previous blog). The EU has now announced that the following countries have aligned themselves with that Council Decision: Montenegro; Albania; Norway; and […]