By Maya Lester KC & Michael O’Kane

Sanctions Profile: Democratic Republic of the Congo

At a glance

EU sanctions on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) were first imposed in 1993, when it was known as Zaire, and consisted of an arms embargo against armed groups and travel bans against senior officials of the Mobuto regime.

In January 2021, the UK adopted The Democratic Republic of the Congo (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019.

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EU makes DRC sanctions removal following General Court ruling

Ferdinand Ilunga Luyoyo has been removed from the EU’s DRC sanctions list following a successful challenge to his listing in the General Court (see previous post). Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/1009 & Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2022/1020.

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

ECJ dismisses DRC sanctions appeal

On 12 May 2022, the EU Court of Justice dismissed an appeal brought by Évariste Boshab challenging the General Court’s February 2021 decision to uphold the December 2018 acts maintaining his inclusion on the EU’s DRC sanctions list. C-242/21 P and T-111/19. See post, post, post & post concerning Mr Boshab’s other sanctions challenges. The ECJ said that a formal …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

EU court upholds DRC sanctions challenge & dismisses 10 others

The EU General Court has annulled the December 2020 acts maintaining Ferdinand Ilunga Luyoyo’s designation under the EU’s DRC sanctions regime. The Court said that Mr Ilunga Luyoyo no longer held the positions that justified his designation and that the Council had failed to provide sufficient evidence of a link between him and the security situation in the DRC. Case: …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

Recent US designations

In recent weeks, the US has imposed sanctions and visa restriction measures related to various sanctions regimes and countries. These are summarised below. Somalia In response to delays in the Somali parliamentary electoral process, the US State Department imposed visa restrictions on an unspecified number of people said to be responsible for, or complicit in, undermining the democratic process in …

SomaliaSomalia Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo SudanSudan ChinaChina Chemical WeaponsChemical Weapons TerrorismTerrorism

Recent listings & de-listings

Recent designations and removals from UN, US, UK and EU non-Russia sanctions lists are summarised below. UN Al-Shabaab spokesperson Ali Mohamed Rage was added to the UN’s Somalia sanctions list. Press Release. The UK (Notice), Switzerland (Notice) and the EU (Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2022/341 & Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/340) have also designated Mr Rage. 7 people have been …

SomaliaSomalia IraqIraq TerrorismTerrorism Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo IranIran ZimbabweZimbabwe SyriaSyria UkraineUkraine

Current Sanctions



Council Regulation (EC) No 1183/2005

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 1183/2005

Amended by:

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1824/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 84/2006

Council Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006

Commission Regulation (EC) No 201/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 400/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 933/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1096/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 242/2009

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1250/2010

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1097/2011

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 7/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1251/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 53/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 521/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 271/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1275/2014

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/613

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/614

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/1165

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/2230

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/199

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/396

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/904

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/1326

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/197

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/566

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1931

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2101

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/189

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1507

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/2021

Council Regulation (EU) 2021/1863

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/2177

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/1009


Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Implementing Decision 2011/699/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2011/848/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/811/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2013/46/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/147/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/862/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/1509

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/620

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/1173

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/2231

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/203

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/399

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/905

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/1340

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/2282

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/202

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/569

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1940

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/2109

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/190

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/2033

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/1866

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/2181

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2022/1020

The Democratic Republic of Congo (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (SI 2019/433)

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