Sanctions Profile: Democratic Republic of the Congo

At a glance

EU sanctions on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) were first imposed in 1993, when it was known as Zaire, and consisted of an arms embargo against armed groups and travel bans against senior officials of the Mobuto regime.

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UNSC renews DRC sanctions regime for 1 year

The UN Security Council have adopted Resolution 2528 (2020), which renews its sanctions regime relating to the Democratic Republic of Congo for 1 year until 1 July 2021, and continues until 1 August 2021 the mandate of the Group of Experts overseeing the sanctions measures. The UNSC reaffirmed measures set out in Resolution 2293 (2016), which imposed asset freezes and …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

UN Panel report on DRC arms embargo violations & gold smuggling

The UN Panel of Experts on the Democratic Republic of Congo has issued its 2020 final report. It says that “several countries offered military training and delivered significant quantities of arms, ammunition, equipment and military vehicles to armed forces” without notifying the UNSC Sanctions Committee, as is required under resolution 1533 (2004). The DRC Sanctions Committee also expressed concern about …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

OFAC Syria sanctions listings & delistings

The US Department of State has designated the Syrian Minister of Defence, Lieutenant General Ali Abdullah Ayoub, under Executive Order 13894 (asset freeze and travel ban), who is described as being “responsible for the violence and disastrous humanitarian crisis in northern Syria” since December 2019. He is said to have deliberately prevented a ceasefire from being implemented in the region, …

SyriaSyria Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

EU court rejects 15 DRC officials’ cases challenging re-listing

The EU General Court has dismissed 15 applications made by officials of the Democratic Republic of Congo to annul their EU targeted sanctions re-listings. All submitted that the 2017 renewal of their listings were not based on a sufficiently precise and concrete factual basis to justify the allegations of human rights violations. The Court said it was enough that the …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

UNSC adds 1 person to DRC sanctions list

The UN Security Council Committee concerning the Democratic Republic of Congo has added Seka Baluku to its sanctions list, on the basis of his long-serving membership and current leadership of the Allied Democratic Forces, an armed group active in the DRC and Uganda. UN Press Release here. The UK has aligned with this decision, see OFSI Notice. The EU has …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

Current Sanctions



Council Regulation (EC) No 1183/2005

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 1183/2005

Amended by:

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1824/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 84/2006

Council Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006

Commission Regulation (EC) No 201/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 400/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 933/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1096/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 242/2009

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1250/2010

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1097/2011

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 7/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1251/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 53/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 521/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 271/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1275/2014

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/613

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/614

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/1165

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/2230

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/199

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/396

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/904

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/1326

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/197

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/566

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1931

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2101

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/189


Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Implementing Decision 2011/699/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2011/848/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/811/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2013/46/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/147/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/862/CFSP

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/620

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/1173

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/2231

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/203

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/399

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/905

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/1340

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/2282

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/202

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/569

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1940

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/2109

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/190

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (Asset-Freezing) Regulations 2012 (SI 2012/1511)

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (Asset-Freezing) (Amendment) Regulations 2016

The Export Control (Democratic Republic of Congo Sanctions and Miscellaneous Amendments and Revocations) Order 2015 (SI 2015/1546)