By Maya Lester KC & Michael O’Kane

Sanctions Profile: Democratic Republic of the Congo

At a glance

EU sanctions on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) were first imposed in 1993, when it was known as Zaire, and consisted of an arms embargo against armed groups and travel bans against senior officials of the Mobuto regime.

In January 2021, the UK adopted The Democratic Republic of the Congo (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019.

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DRC sanctions – EU annuls 2 listings & upholds 6

The EU General Court yesterday annulled the 2021 designations of Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary and Kalev Mutondo on the EU’s DRC sanctions regime. Cases T?93/22 and T?94/22. Both were initially added to the EU sanctions list in May 2017. In both cases, the Court said that the Council had not established a sufficient link between Mr Shadary and Mr Mutondo and …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

ECJ dismisses DRC sanctions appeal by Évariste Boshab

The EU Court of Justice has dismissed an appeal brought by Évariste Boshab challenging the General Court’s decision to uphold the 2019 acts maintaining his inclusion on the EU’s DRC sanctions list. Cases C-708/21 P and T-107/20 (previous post). See previous post, post, post and post regarding Mr Boshab’s other sanctions challenges.

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

Switzerland adds new entries to its DRC sanctions list

On 19 December 2022 Swiss Federal Department of Economic Affairs EAER amended annex 2 of the Ordinance on measures against the Democratic Republic of Congo by adding 8 individuals to annex 2 and modifying 9 entries. (Press release)

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

EU lists 8 under DRC sanctions

The EU has added 8 people to its DRC sanctions list. Those listed are alleged to be responsible for serious human rights violations and sustaining the armed conflict in the DRC, or otherwise for inciting violence and exploiting the conflict through the illicit exploitation or trade of natural resources. Press Release. Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/2397 & Council Implementing Decision …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

EU extends DRC sanctions listing criteria

In view of the situation in the DRC, the EU has extended the criteria for EU designation under its DRC sanctions regime (rather than designation by the UN Security Council) to include those: responsible for sustaining the armed conflict, instability or insecurity in the DRC; providing support to people or entities responsible for sustaining the armed conflict, instability or insecurity …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

Current Sanctions



Council Regulation (EC) No 1183/2005

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 1183/2005

Amended by:

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1824/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 84/2006

Council Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006

Commission Regulation (EC) No 201/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 400/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 933/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1096/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 242/2009

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1250/2010

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1097/2011

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 7/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1251/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 53/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 521/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 271/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1275/2014

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/613

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/614

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/1165

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/2230

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/199

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/396

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/904

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/1326

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/197

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/566

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1931

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2101

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/189

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1507

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/2021

Council Regulation (EU) 2021/1863

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/2177

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/1009


Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Implementing Decision 2011/699/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2011/848/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/811/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2013/46/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/147/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/862/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/1509

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/620

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/1173

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/2231

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/203

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/399

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/905

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/1340

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/2282

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/202

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/569

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1940

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/2109

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/190

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/2033

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/1866

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/2181

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2022/1020

The Democratic Republic of Congo (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (SI 2019/433)

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