By Maya Lester KC & Michael O’Kane

Sanctions Profile: Democratic Republic of the Congo

At a glance

EU sanctions on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) were first imposed in 1993, when it was known as Zaire, and consisted of an arms embargo against armed groups and travel bans against senior officials of the Mobuto regime.

In January 2021, the UK adopted The Democratic Republic of the Congo (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019.

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Non-EU countries align with various EU sanctions

The candidate countries North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Ukraine, Moldova and Bosnia and Herzegovina, the potential candidate country Georgia, and the EFTA countries Iceland and Liechtenstein have aligned themselves with the EU’s new Haiti sanctions framework (press release, previous post). The candidate countries North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Moldova and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the EFTA countries Iceland, Liechtenstein and …

HaitiHaiti Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo RussiaRussia

OFAC designates individuals for escalating eastern DRC conflict

OFAC has designated 6 individuals for contributing to the escalation of conflict in the eastern DRC (press release, notice): Apollinaire Hakizimana, Brigadier General Sebastian Uwimbabazi, and Ruvugayimikore Protogene, Rwandan nationals who are leaders of the militia group, the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda; Bernard Byamungu, a Congolese national who is the deputy commander of M23, another militia group …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

US designates DRC public officials for trafficking animals to China

Yesterday, the US Department of State designated 3 DRC public officials as generally ineligible for entry into the US, due to their alleged involvement in significant corruption (press release): Cosma Wilungula Balongelwa, the former Director General of Congolese Institute for the Conservation of Nature (ICCN) and Wilungula’s wife, Esther Mwanga Wilungula; Leonard Muamba Kanda, the former Department Head of the …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

Switzerland makes Belarus and DRC designations

Switzerland has aligned with the EU’s Belarus designations on penitentiary officials, judges, prosecutors, criminal investigators, TV presenters, and state-owned entities (notice, previous post). Switzerland has aligned with the EU’s DRC designations on Congolese and Rwandan military and non-state armed group commanders (notice, previous post).

BelarusBelarus Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

EU lists individuals pursuant to DRC sanctions regime

Last week, the EU designated 9 Congolese and Rwandan individuals allegedly responsible for acts that constitute serious human rights violations, and for sustaining the armed conflict, instability and insecurity in the DRC (press release, Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2023/1564, Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2023/1567). The listings include: Salomon Tokolonga, colonel of the Congolese Armed Forces (FARDC); Jean-Pierre Niragire, commander of …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

Current Sanctions



Council Regulation (EC) No 1183/2005

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 1183/2005

Amended by:

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1824/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 84/2006

Council Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006

Commission Regulation (EC) No 201/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 400/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 933/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1096/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 242/2009

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1250/2010

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1097/2011

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 7/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1251/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 53/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 521/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 271/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1275/2014

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/613

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/614

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/1165

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/2230

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/199

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/396

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/904

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/1326

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/197

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/566

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1931

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2101

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/189

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1507

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/2021

Council Regulation (EU) 2021/1863

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/2177

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/1009

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2023/913


Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Implementing Decision 2011/699/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2011/848/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/811/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2013/46/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/147/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/862/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/1509

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/620

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/1173

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/2231

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/203

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/399

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/905

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/1340

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/2282

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/202

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/569

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1940

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/2109

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/190

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/2033

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/1866

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/2181

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2022/1020

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2023/922

The Democratic Republic of Congo (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (SI 2019/433)

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