Sanctions Profile: Democratic Republic of the Congo

At a glance

EU sanctions on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) were first imposed in 1993, when it was known as Zaire, and consisted of an arms embargo against armed groups and travel bans against senior officials of the Mobuto regime.

In January 2021, the UK adopted The Democratic Republic of the Congo (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019.

Subscribe for full access

News

UK amends DRC sanctions regulations

The UK Democratic Republic of the Congo (Sanctions) (EU Exit) (Amendment) Regulations (SI 2021/1041) will enter into force on 7 October 2021. These implement UN Resolution 2582 (2021), which amends the criteria for including people and entities on the UN’s DRC sanctions list to include the “planning, directing, sponsoring or participating in attacks against medical personnel or humanitarian personnel”.

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

EU General Court dismisses DRC sanctions challenge

The EU General Court has dismissed the applications of 10 Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) nationals, including former officials, to annul their 2019 targeted sanctions re-listings pursuant to Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/2109 and Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2101. All applicants have previously challenged their 2017 re-listings (previous post). The judgments (all 15 September 2021): Kazembe Musonda (T-95/20); Kande Mupompa …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

Sanctions regimes renewed & third countries align with EU sanctions

Over the past month, several sanctions regimes have been renewed around the world: The US renewed its Belarus sanctions regime until 16 June 2022 by continuing the national emergency as declared in Executive Order 13405 (Notice); The EU adopted Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/1010, which renewed its Russia sanctions regime until 23 June 2022; and The UN Security Council adopted resolution …

BelarusBelarus Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo RussiaRussia

Third countries align with DRC sanctions

In December 2020, the EU Council adopted Decision (CFSP) 2020/2033 which renewed sanctions concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo for 1 year. North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Ukraine, Moldova and Armenia have aligned themselves with this decision. See press release.

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

Third countries align themselves with EU DRC sanctions

In December 2020, the EU Council adopted Decision (CFSP) 2020/2033, which renewed sanctions relating to the Democratic Republic of Congo for 1 year, and de-listed one person. North Macedonia, Montenegro, Albania, Iceland and Liechtenstein have aligned themselves with this decision. See press release here.

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

Current Sanctions

EU UK

Consolidated

Council Regulation (EC) No 1183/2005

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 1183/2005

Amended by:

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1824/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 84/2006

Council Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006

Commission Regulation (EC) No 201/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 400/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 933/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1096/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 242/2009

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1250/2010

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1097/2011

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 7/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1251/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 53/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 521/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 271/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1275/2014

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/613

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/614

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/1165

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/2230

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/199

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/396

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/904

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/1326

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/197

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/566

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1931

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2101

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/189

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1507

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/2021

Consolidated

Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Implementing Decision 2011/699/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2011/848/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/811/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2013/46/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/147/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/862/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/1509

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/620

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/1173

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/2231

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/203

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/399

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/905

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/1340

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/2282

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/202

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/569

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1940

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/2109

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/190

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/2033

The Democratic Republic of Congo (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (SI 2019/433)