Sanctions Profile: Democratic Republic of the Congo

At a glance

EU sanctions on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) were first imposed in 1993, when it was known as Zaire, and consisted of an arms embargo against armed groups and travel bans against senior officials of the Mobuto regime.

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The sanctions were imposed in response to then President Mobuto dissolving the government of Prime Minister Tshisekedi and violence in the country.

In 2003, the UN imposed sanctions on the DRC, by UN Security Council Resolution 1493, consisting of an arms embargo. It subsequently expanded those sanctions to include asset freezes and travel bans.

The EU consolidated its own sanctions on the DRC with those imposed by the UN, expanding the arms embargo and introducing targeted asset freezes and travel bans.

In 2016, the EU amended the designation criteria relating to its targeted sanctions, allowing measures to be imposed on (i) those responsible for serious human rights violations, (ii) those who promote violence, and (iii) those who try to obstruct a consensual and peaceful solution to the crisis which respects the aspiration of the people of the DRC to elect their representatives.

Summary of Current UN Sanctions:

General

  • Arms embargo

Targeted

  • Asset freeze
  • Travel ban

Designation Criteria

Asset freeze

The asset freeze applies to:

  1. funds and assets owned or controlled by people and entities designated by the UN Sanctions Committee, or that are owned or controlled by any persons acting on their behalf or at their direction;
  2. political and military leaders of foreign armed groups who impede the disarmament and the voluntary repatriation or resettlement of combatants belonging to those groups;
  3. political and military leaders of Congolese militias receiving support from outside the DRC who impede the participation of their combatants in disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration processes;
  4. political and military leaders recruiting or using children in armed conflict, and individuals committing serious violations of international law involving the targeting of children in situations of armed conflict, including killing and maiming, sexual violence, abduction and forced displacement; and
  5. individuals obstructing the access to or distribution of humanitarian assistance in the eastern part of the DRC, as well as individuals or entities supporting the illegal armed groups in eastern DRC through the illicit trade of natural resources.

Travel ban

The travel ban applies to:

  1. people designated by the UN sanctions committee for violating the arms embargo;
  2. political and military leaders of foreign armed groups who impede the disarmament and the voluntary repatriation or resettlement of combatants belonging to those groups;
  3. political and military leaders of Congolese militias receiving support from outside the DRC who impede the participation of their combatants in disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration processes;
  4. political and military leaders recruiting or using children in armed conflict, and individuals committing serious violations of international law involving the targeting of children in situations of armed conflict, including killing and maiming, sexual violence, abduction and forced displacement; and
  5. individuals obstructing the access to or distribution of humanitarian assistance in the eastern part of the DRC, as well as individuals or entities supporting the illegal armed groups in eastern DRC through the illicit trade of natural resources.

Summary of Current EU Sanctions:

General

  • Arms embargo
  • Prohibition on the satisfaction of claims in respect of contracts or transactions, the performance of which has been affected by measures imposed by Council Regulation (EC) No 1183/2005

Targeted

  • Asset freeze
  • Travel ban

Designation Criteria

People and entities designated by the UN Sanctions Committee for engaging in or providing support for acts that undermine the peace, stability or security of the DRC.

People and entities designated by the EU for:

  1. obstructing a consensual and peaceful solution towards elections in DRC, including by acts of violence, repression or inciting violence, or by undermining the rule of law;
  2. being involved in planning, directing or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violation or abuses in DRC; or
  3. being associated with people or entities covered by the above.

 

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News

EU extends DRC sanctions for 1 year

The EU has extended its Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) sanctions for 1 year until 12 December 2019. The measures comprise an arms embargo, as well as a targeted asset freeze and travel ban on 14 individuals “engaging in or providing support for acts that undermine the peace, stability or security of the DRC”. See […]

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

OFAC amends DRC sanctions regulations

Today, OFAC issued an amendment to the Democratic Republic of the Congo Sanctions Regulations to implement Executive Order 13671 and to incorporate other technical and conforming changes. This regulatory amendment will take effect upon publication in the US Federal Register tomorrow (15 November 2018). See OFAC Notice.

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

EU updates reasons for 2 entries on DRC sanctions list

The EU has amended the statements of reasons relating to 2 people on its Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) sanctions list: Alex Kande Mupompa (‘Former Governor of Kasai Central’) and Lambert Mende (‘Minister of Communications and Media’). See Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/569 and Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/566.

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

Switzerland mirrors EU sanctions on 14 associates of DRC President Kabila

Switzerland has joined the EU in imposing asset freezes and travel bans on 14 associates of the Democratic Republic of Congo’s president Joseph Kabila. They were added to the EU’s sanctions over the course of 2016 and 2017. President Kabila was due to stand down as President at the end of 2016, under a constitutional […]

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

UK froze £580k under DRC sanctions

In response to a written Parliamentary Question, HM Treasury has said that from 23 July 2005 until 30 September 2016, it froze approximately £580,000 of funds in the UK pursuant to the EU’s Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) sanctions regime (Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP (as amended) and Council Regulation (EC) 1183/2005 (as amended)). Between those dates, 38 people and […]

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo

Current Sanctions

EU UK

Consolidated

Council Regulation (EC) No 1183/2005

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 1183/2005

Amended by:

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1824/2005

Commission Regulation (EC) No 84/2006

Council Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006

Commission Regulation (EC) No 201/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 400/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 933/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1096/2007

Commission Regulation (EC) No 242/2009

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1250/2010

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1097/2011

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 7/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1251/2012

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 53/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 521/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 271/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1275/2014

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/613

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/614

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/1165

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/2230

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/199

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/396

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/904

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/1326

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/197

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/566

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1931

Consolidated

Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Implementing Decision 2011/699/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2011/848/CFSP

Council Decision 2012/811/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2013/46/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/147/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/862/CFSP

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/620

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/1173

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/2231

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/203

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/399

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/905

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/1340

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/2282

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/202

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/569

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1940

Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018

Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 (Commencement No 1) Regulations 2018

Sanctions Review Procedure (EU Exit) Regulations 2018