Sanctions Profile: Chemical Weapons

At a glance

The EU adopted Council Regulation (EU) 2018/1542 and Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1544 in October 2018 to establish a new sanctions regime to address the use and proliferation of chemical weapons.

The UK adopted The Chemical Weapons (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 in January 2021 to deter the proliferation and use of chemical weapons, and encourage the effective implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention.

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News

OFAC de-lists 2 Iranian entities

The US Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) has announced the de-listing of Tehran-based Mammut Industrial Group and its subsidiary Mammut Diesel. The entities were originally designated on 21 September 2020 pursuant to Executive Order 13382, “Blocking Property of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferators and Their Supporters”. They were said to be “key producers and suppliers of military-grade, …

Chemical WeaponsChemical Weapons IranIran

US chemical weapons sanctions on Russia published in Federal Register

The US State Department has published a Notice in the Federal Register detailing the second round of sanctions imposed on Russia over the August 2020 poisoning of Alexey Navalny, pursuant to the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991 (CBW Act). The sanctions were imposed as Russia had failed to meet certain conditions set out by …

RussiaRussia Chemical WeaponsChemical Weapons

FATF issues Japan Mutual Evaluation Report 2021

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has released its Japan Mutual Evaluation Report 2021. Notice and Executive Summary. The report found that: Japan does not implement UN Security Council sanctions “without delay” (within 24 hours). Prior to October 2019, Japan implemented terrorist-financing sanctions with “significant” delays of 1 to 3 weeks, and non-proliferation sanctions with delays of 5 to 10 …

TerrorismTerrorism Chemical WeaponsChemical Weapons

UK & US impose additional sanctions over Alexey Navalny poisoning

The UK and the US have announced new packages of sanctions against those “directly responsible for the planning or carrying out” of the 20 August 2020 assassination attempt on Alexey Navalny, using a toxic nerve agent of the “Novichok” group. Those designated are members, operatives or officials of the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB), entities related to the FSB, or …

Chemical WeaponsChemical Weapons RussiaRussia

Third countries align with EU chemical weapons & Belarus sanctions

The EU Council adopted the following decisions in October and November 2020: Decision (CFSP) 2020/1466, which renewed the EU’s chemical weapons sanctions regime for 1 year; Decision (CFSP) 2020/1482, which designated 6 Russian officials and a research institution for their alleged involvement in the poisoning of Alexei Navalny; and Decision (CFSP) 2020/1650, which added 15 officials to the EU’s Belarus …

BelarusBelarus Chemical WeaponsChemical Weapons RussiaRussia

Current Sanctions

EU UK

Consolidated

Council Regulation (EU) 2018/1542

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EU) 2018/1542

Amended by:

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/84

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1463

Consolidated

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1544

Parent Decision

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1544

Amended by:

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/86

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/1722

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/1466

The Chemical Weapons (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (SI 2019/618)