Sanctions Profile: Central African Republic

At a glance

The UN imposed sanctions on the Central African Republic (CAR) in 2013, in response to the continuing deterioration of the security situation in the country, by UN Security Council Resolution 2127.

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The sanctions comprised an arms embargo, which was supplemented on 28 January 2014 by targeted asset freezes and travel bans against people undermining the peace and stability of the CAR or violating the arms embargo.

The EU implemented all of the UN’s sanctions in 2014 by Council Decision 2013/798/CFSP and Council Regulation (EU) No 224/2014, which are still current (as amended). The EU does not impose its own autonomous sanctions listings.

Summary of Current UN Sanctions:

General

  • Arms embargo

Targeted

  • Asset freeze
  • Travel ban

Designation Criteria

People and entities:

  1. engaging in or providing support for acts that undermine the peace, stability, or security of the CAR, including acts that threaten or impede the stabilisation and reconciliation process or that fuel violence;
  2. acting in violation of the arms embargo, or having supplied arms to armed groups or criminal networks in CAR, or having been the recipient of arms or any related material or training related to the violent activities of armed groups or criminal networks in the CAR;
  3. involved in acts that violate international human rights law or international humanitarian law, or that constitute human rights abuses or violations in the CAR;
  4. involved in acts involving sexual and gender-based violence in the CAR;
  5. recruiting or using children in armed conflict in the CAR;
  6. providing support for armed groups or criminal networks through the illicit exploitation or trade of natural resources, including diamonds, gold, wildlife, or wildlife products in or from the CAR;
  7. obstructing the delivery of humanitarian assistance to the CAR, or access to, or distribution of, humanitarian assistance in the CAR;
  8. involved in attacks against UN missions or international security presences; or
  9. who are leaders of, or have supported or acted on behalf of or at the direction of a designated entity.

 

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News

UK passes Sanctions (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019

The UK has passed the Sanctions (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, SI 2019/26, which make amendments to a number of EU sanctions regimes to ensure (inter alia) that they continue to apply within the UK after Brexit. The Regulations will come into force on exit day.

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EU implements UN amendments to CAR sanctions regime

On 30 January 2018, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2399 (2018), which (inter alia) amended the exemptions to the arms embargo and the designation criteria under its Central African Republic (CAR) sanctions regime. The EU has implemented those changes today by adopting Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/391 and Council Regulation (EU) 2018/387.

Central African RepublicCentral African Republic

EU updates entry under DPRK and CAR sanctions lists

In line with the UN Security Council, the EU has updated the entry of ‘Ri Su Yong’ under its North Korea sanctions list by adding the following statement: “Served as Korea Ryonbong General Corporation representative in Cuba”. See Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/331 and Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/324. UK OFSI Notice here. The EU […]

North KoreaNorth Korea Central African RepublicCentral African Republic

UN extends sanctions against CAR

The UN Security Council has passed UNSC Resolution 2399 (2018), which extends its sanctions regime against the Central African Republic (CAR). As a result, the existing arms embargo, travel bans and asset freezes will continue to operate until 31 January 2019. UN press release here.

Central African RepublicCentral African Republic

OFAC sanctions illicit facilitators of Lord’s Resistance Army (CAR)

OFAC has designated two individuals, Okat Lukwang and Musa Hatari, pursuant to Executive Order 13667, which targets certain persons “contributing to the conflict in the Central African Republic (CAR), including those that support armed groups involved in activities that threaten the peace, security, or stability of the CAR through the illicit trade of natural resources.” Both […]

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Current Sanctions

EU UK

Consolidated

Council Regulation (EU) No 224/2014

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EU) No 224/2014

Amended by:

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 691/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1276/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/324

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/734

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1485

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/2454

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/354

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/555

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1442

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/400

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/890

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/906

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1090

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/325

Council Regulation (EU) 2018/387

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/698

Consolidated

Council Decision 2013/798/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2013/798/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Decision 2014/125/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/382/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/863/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/336

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/739

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/1488

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/2459

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2016/360

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/564

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2016/1446

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/412

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/901

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/916

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/1103

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/332

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/391

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/699

Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018

Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 (Commencement No 1) Regulations 2018

Sanctions Review Procedure (EU Exit) Regulations 2018

Sanctions (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019