By Maya Lester KC & Michael O’Kane

Sanctions Profile: Burundi

At a glance

EU sanctions on Burundi were first imposed in October 2015, by Council Regulation (EU) 2015/1755 and Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/1763, following Pierre Nkurunziza’s disputed election to a third term as President, breaking a decade-old agreement on a two-term limit, and the violent crisis that followed.

The UK adopted The Burundi (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (SI 2019/1142) on 1 January 2021. In December 2021, the UK then adopted The Burundi (Sanctions) Regulations 2021 (SI 2021/1404), which revoked and replaced The Burundi (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019.

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EU de-lists all but 1 from Burundi sanctions

The EU has removed 3 people from its Burundi sanctions list: Chief Police Commissioner Godefroid Bizimana; Prime Minister Gervais Ndirakobuca (alias Ndakugarika); and former army general Léonard Ngendakumana. This leaves only Joseph Niyonzima (alias Kazungu), an officer of the National Intelligence Service, on the list. The EU has also renewed its Burundi sanctions regime for a year, until 31 October …


US & EU sanctions regimes renewed & third countries align with EU sanctions

In recent weeks, the following sanctions regimes have been renewed: The EU extended its Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) sanctions regime until 12 December 2022 Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/2181 (Press Release). The EU renewed its Russia sanctions regime for 6 months, until 31 July 2022 Council Decision (CFSP) 2022/52 (Press Release). The US renewed its regime in respect of …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo RussiaRussia Human RightsHuman Rights CorruptionCorruption BelarusBelarus SyriaSyria Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau MaliMali BurundiBurundi

US revokes Burundi sanctions

The US has terminated its Burundi sanctions regime in response to positive action taken by President Ndayishimiye and significantly decreased violence in the county. President Biden issued an Executive Order (E.O.) to revoke E.O. 13712 “Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Burundi”, which was originally issued in November 2015 (see previous post and post). All people …


US & EU sanctions regimes renewed, third countries align with EU sanctions & Kingpin Act designations

In recent weeks, multiple sanctions regimes have been renewed by the US and EU: The US renewed its regimes in respect of Columbia narcotics trafficking (Letter and Notice) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Letter and Notice) for 1 year, by continuing the relevant national emergencies. The EU adopted: Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/1800 which renewed its Nicaragua sanctions regime …

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo NicaraguaNicaragua Chemical WeaponsChemical Weapons TerrorismTerrorism BurundiBurundi GuineaGuinea MoldovaMoldova

Third countries align with Burundi sanctions

The EU has announced that 9 third countries have decided to align with the EU Council’s adoption of Decision (CFSP) 2020/1585, which renewed sanctions in respect of Burundi for 1 year. The third countries are: North Macedonia, Montenegro, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Ukraine and Moldova.


Current Sanctions



Council Regulation (EU) 2015/1755

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/1755

Amended by:

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1605

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1578

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/2043


Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/1763

Parent Decision

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/1763

Amended by:

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/1745

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/1933

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1612

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/1788

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/1585

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/1826

Council Decision (CFSP) 2022/2051

The Burundi (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (SI 2019/1142)

The Burundi (Sanctions) Regulations 2021

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