By Maya Lester KC & Michael O’Kane

Sanctions Profile: Burma / Myanmar

At a glance

EU sanctions on Burma/Myanmar were first imposed in 1990, and reaffirmed in Common Position 96/635/CFSP of October 1996. Current EU sanctions on Burma/Myanmar are found in Council Regulation (EU) No 401/2013 & Council Decision 2013/184/CFSP.

The UK adopted The Myanmar (Sanctions) Regulations 2021 which came into force on 1 January 2021.

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Singapore fines company for Myanmar export control violations

Singapore has fined Hydronav Services (Singapore) Pte Ltd $1,133,412.25 for violations of Singapore’s export controls, section 5 of the Strategic Goods (Control) Act 2002 (press release). Hydronav procured a multibeam echosounder system from a company in Norway after falsely informing the Norwegian authorities that the goods were being exported to Indonesia.  Hydronav then exported the system to Myanmar without the …

Burma / MyanmarBurma / Myanmar

OFAC expands Burma sanctions and makes designations

OFAC, yesterday, expanded US Burma sanctions to cover any foreign individual or entity that operates in the jet fuel sector of the Burmese economy (determination, notice, press release) in response to the Burmese government’s alleged use of jet and helicopter attacks on civilians. 2 FAQs were issued: FAQ 1132 – explaining that the determination does not automatically impose sanctions on …

Burma / MyanmarBurma / Myanmar

Non-EU countries align with EU human rights, Burma, and Russia sanctions

The candidate countries North Macedonia, Montenegro, Albania, Ukraine, Moldova and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway have aligned themselves with the EU’s designation of Taliban ministers, Russian facial recognition companies, and penitentiary officers linked to Alexi Navalny’s imprisonment (press release, press release, previous post). The candidate countries North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Ukraine, Moldova, Bosnia and …

RussiaRussia IranIran Burma / MyanmarBurma / Myanmar AfghanistanAfghanistan

Expiry of US general licence for transactions with Burma/Myanmar banks

On 21 June 2023, OFAC designated Myanma Foreign Trade Bank and Myanma Investment and Commercial Bank (previous post).  A general licence was issued at the same time, allowing entities to engage in transactions with the 2 banks for the purposes of winding down.  On 5 August 2023, the general licence expired (press release).  Therefore, transactions with the 2 banks must now be …

Burma / MyanmarBurma / Myanmar

Switzerland Burma/Myanmar and Syria designations

Yesterday, Switzerland designated 6 individuals and 1 entity under its Burma/Myanmar sanctions regime (notice) following the same designations made by the EU last month (previous post). Also designated was Fereydoun Mohammadi Saghaei under Switzerland’s Syria regime (notice), partially following the EU’s Iran designations last month (previous post).

Burma / MyanmarBurma / Myanmar SyriaSyria

Current Sanctions



Council Regulation (EU) No 401/2013

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 401/2013

Amended by:

Council Regulation (EU) 2018/647

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/898

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1117

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/2053

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/672

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/562

Council Regulation (EU) 2021/479

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/480

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/638

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/706

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/998

Council Regulation (EU) 2022/238

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/239

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/662

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2023/378

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2023/886


Council Decision 2013/184/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2013/184/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Decision 2014/214/CFSP

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/666

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/627

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/734

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/655

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/900

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1126

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/2054

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/678

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/563

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/482

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/483

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/639

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/711

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/1000

Council Decision (CFSP) 2022/243

Council Decision (CFSP) 2022/669

Council Decision (CFSP) 2023/380

Council Decision (CFSP) 2023/887

The Myanmar (Sanctions) Regulations 2021 (SI 2021/496)

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