Sanctions Profile: Burma / Myanmar

At a glance

EU sanctions on Burma/Myanmar were first imposed in 1990, and reaffirmed in Common Position 96/635/CFSP of October 1996.

The UK has adopted The Burma (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (SI 2019/136), which came into force on 1 January 2021.

Subscribe for full access


OFAC designates Burmese state-run gemstone enterprise

Pursuant to Executive Order 14014, OFAC has designated Myanma Gems Enterprise (MGE), a Burmese state-owned entity, for being a political subdivision, agency or instrumentality of the Burmese government. MGE operates under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, and is responsible for all gemstone-related activities in Myanmar, which are said to be a key economic resource for the Burmese …

Burma / MyanmarBurma / Myanmar

UK adds Myanmar Economic Corporation to its human rights sanctions list

The UK has added the Myanmar Economic Corporation to its sanctions list pursuant to the Global Human Rights Sanctions Regulations 2020 (SI 2020/680). It is described as a major conglomerate that is “in practice owned and governed by, and for the benefit of, the Myanmar Ministry of Defence”. Furthermore, the MEC is said to have made funds available to the …

Burma / MyanmarBurma / Myanmar

UK and US designate Burmese military-owned or controlled entities

The UK and US governments have designated the Burmese military-owned conglomerate Myanmar Economic Holdings Ltd (MEHL). It has been listed under the Global Human Rights Sanctions Regulations 2020 (SI 2020/680) over its alleged involvement in serious human rights violations against the Rohingya, and on the basis that it is owned by designated senior military personnel. MEHL is alleged to have …

Burma / MyanmarBurma / Myanmar

OFAC lists 2 Burmese officials & 2 army divisions

On Monday (22 March 2021), OFAC listed Than Hlaing, the newly-appointed Chief of the Burmese Police Force and Deputy Home Affairs Minister, Lieutenant General Aung Soe, Bureau of Special Operations commander, and the 33rd and 77th Light Infantry Divisions of the Burmese Army, pursuant to Executive Order 14014. Mr Hlaing was EU-listed on the same day (see post). The designations …

Burma / MyanmarBurma / Myanmar

EU designates 11 Burmese officials & amends designation criteria

The EU has adopted Council Implementing Regulation 2021/478 and Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/483, which add to its sanctions list 11 Burmese officials responsible for the military coup in Myanmar on 1 February 2021. The legal acts are here. 10 of the listed people are high-ranking military officials, including the Commander-in-Chief, Min Aung Hlaing, and Deputy Commander-in-Chief, Soe Win, 7 of …

Burma / MyanmarBurma / Myanmar

Current Sanctions



Council Regulation (EU) No 401/2013

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 401/2013

Amended by:

Council Regulation (EU) 2018/647

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/898

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1117

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/2053

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/672

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/562

Council Regulation (EU) 2021/479

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/480


Council Decision 2013/184/CFSP

Parent Decision

Council Decision 2013/184/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Decision 2014/214/CFSP

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/666

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/627

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/734

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/655

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/900

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1126

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/2054

Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/678

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/563

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/482

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/483

Burma (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (SI 2019/136)