Sanctions Profile: Belarus

At a glance

EU sanctions on Belarus were first imposed in 2004 by Common Position 2004/661/CFSP in response to the “continuing deterioration of democracy, the rule of law, and human rights in Belarus”, and comprised a travel ban on listed people.

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Current EU sanctions on Belarus are now found in Council Regulation (EC) No 765/2006 & Council Decision 2012/642/CFSP. They were imposed in response to “violations of international electoral standards and international human rights law, as well as the crackdown on civil society and democratic opposition”. The regime comprises an arms embargo and a targeted asset freeze and travel ban.

Summary of Current EU Sanctions:

General

  • Arms embargo

Targeted

  • Asset freeze
  • Travel ban

Designation Criteria

People and entities who:

  1. are responsible for serious violations of human rights or the repression of civil society and democratic opposition;
  2. seriously undermine democracy or the rule of law in Belarus;
  3. are associated with any person responsible for the above; or
  4. benefit from or support the Lukashenka regime.

 

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News

OFAC and Zoltek reach $7.8m settlement over Belarus sanctions violations

Missouri-based holding company Zoltek Companies Inc, which owns US-based Zoltek Corporation and Hungary-based Zoltek Vegyipari ZRT, has agreed to pay $7,772,102 to OFAC for violating US sanctions on Belarus. Specifically, between January 2012 and October 2015, Zoltek Corporation approved 26 purchases of acrylonitrile, a chemical used in the production of carbon fibre, between Zoltek Vegyipari […]

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OFAC extends Belarus sanctions relief for 1 year

Today, OFAC issued General Licence No 2F, which extends for 1 year the sanctions relief for 9 Belarusian entities until 25 October 2019. Subject to the restrictions set out in the licence, all transactions otherwise prohibited by Executive Order 13405 involving the 9 Belarusian entities, or any entities that are owned, individually or in the aggregate, directly or indirectly, […]

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EU renews sanctions on Belarus

The EU has extended its sanctions on Belarus until 28 February 2019, which consist of an arms embargo and targeted asset freezes and travel bans against 4 people. The 4 people are suspected of being involved in the unresolved disappearances of 2 opposition politicians, 1 businessman, and 1 journalist in 1999 and 2000. It has also […]

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OFAC continues Belarus sanctions relief

The US Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) has issued General Licence No. 2D, which continues the extension of certain sanctions relief towards nine Belarusian entities until 30 April 2018. Subject to the restrictions set out in the licence, all transactions otherwise prohibited by Executive Order 13405 involving the nine Belarusian entities, or any entities […]

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BelTechExport’s Belarus re-listing upheld by EU Court

The General Court of the EU has dismissed BelTechExport’s application for its re-listing on the EU’s targeted Belarus sanctions to be annulled. Judgment here: Case T-765/15 BelTechExport ZAO v Council [2017]. BelTechExport, an arms manufacturer, was listed on the grounds that it “benefits from the regime as a main exporter of arms and military equipment […]

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Current Sanctions

EU UK

Consolidated

Council Regulation (EC) No 765/2006

Parent Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 765/2006

Amended by:

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1587/2006

Council Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006

Council Regulation (EC) No 646/2008

Council Regulation (EU) No 84/2011

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 271/2011

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 505/2011

Council Regulation (EU) No 588/2011

Council Regulation (EU) No 999/2011

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1000/2011

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1320/2011

Council Regulation (EU) No 114/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 170/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 265/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 354/2012

Council Regulation (EU) No 1014/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1017/2012

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 494/2013

Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1054/2013

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 46/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 740/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1159/2014

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 2015/1133

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 2015/1326

Council Regulation (EU) 2015/1948

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1949

Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/276

Council Regulation (EU) 2016/277

Council Regulation (EU) 2017/331

Council Regulation (EU) 2018/275

Consolidated

Council Decision 2012/642/CFSP

Parent

Council Decision 2012/642/CFSP

Amended by:

Council Implementing Decision 2013/248/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/308/CFSP

Council Decision 2013/534/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/24/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision 2014/439/CFSP

Council Decision 2014/750/CFSP

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/1142

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/1335

Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/1957

Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/280

Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/350

Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/280

Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018

Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 (Commencement No 1) Regulations 2018

Sanctions Review Procedure (EU Exit) Regulations 2018